There are 6 colors in this flag. These are Vivid Red (#FF0018), Deep Saffron (#FFA52C), Maximum Yellow (#FFFF41), Ao (#008018), Blue (#0000F9) and Philippine Violet (#86007D).
This color combination was created by user Manish. The Hex, RGB and CMYK codes are in the table below.
Note: English language names are approximate equivalents of the hexadecimal color codes.
LGBT stands for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender. It has been used since the 1990s and replaces the term ‘gay’, which on its own, did not describe the community correctly. Further expansion has led to the inclusion of queer and the community which is now LGBTQ.
Before the LGBTQ rainbow flag came into existence, the community used a pink triangle symbol as their identity. However, this was soon done away with because of the dark history associated with the symbol – it was used by the German fascist rule of the early 20th century to segregate homosexuals.
The original flag was designed by Gilbert Baker and was flown for the first time on 25 June 1978 at the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade. This flag had 8 stripes (from the top) – hot pink, red, orange, yellow, green, turquoise, indigo and violet which represented sex, life, healing, sunlight, nature, magic/art, serenity and spirit, respectively.
The present day LGBTQ+ Pride Flag has only 6 colors which are placed in equal-sized horizontal stripes. The indigo (#400098) and turquoise (#00C0C0) from the original flag were merged into one blue stripe and hot pink (#FF69B6) was removed. The flag now has (from the top) red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet; and their closest Pantone® values are 185 C, 1375 C, 101 C, 356 C, 2736 C and 2415 C, respectively.
Several variants of the rainbow flag have been introduced and flown at “Pride Parades” since. A 9-striped flag, based on the original 8-striped one, has a white stripe in the middle. It surfaced on 12 February 2018 at the Love Fest carnival in São Paulo. The white stripe completes the full sexual spectrum and also symbolises peace and union.
The South African gay pride flag combines the 6-colored LGBTQ+ flag with the flag of the country. It was designed by Eugene Brockman and unveiled in Cape Town in 2010.
In 2017, the original designer of the flag, Gilbert Baker, created a 9-striped flag in 2017. A lavender (#CE66FF; PMS 252 C) stripe was placed at the very top.
The city of Philadelphia created its own version of the 6-striped rainbow flag by including black and brown as the first two stripes. This is called the Philadelphia Pride Flag. The additional colors were added to support people of color. The hexadecimal code and closest Pantone® value of the brown are #794D10 and 731 C, respectively.